Oak

GENUS: QUERCUS

Oak is a widely planted large tree adaptable to many soil conditions. It has an attractive dark red fall color in autumn, and some leaves will hang on the tree through the winter.

Red Oak

 

Characteristics

Color / Appearance

Heartwood is a light to medium brown. Nearly white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Quartersawn sections display prominent ray fleck patterns. 

Grain / Texture

Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. The pores are so large and open that it is said that a person can blow into one end of the wood, and air will come out the other end: provided that the grain runs straight enough. 

Workability

Produces good results with hand and machine tools. Has moderately high shrinkage values, resulting in mediocre dimensional stability, especially in flatsawn boards. Can react with iron (particularly when wet) and cause staining and discoloration. Responds well to steam-bending. Glues, stains, and finishes well.

Common Uses

Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, and veneer

Characteristics and photo used by permission from The Wood Database

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